Dr. Paul Reed

Director of Graduate Studies
Assistant Professor


  • PhD, University of South Carolina, 2016
  • MA, University of Memphis, 2007
  • BA, Maryville College, 2004

Research Areas

  • Phonetic and sociophonetic variation in American English varieties, particularly vocalic and intonational variation
  • Speech perception and speech processing
  • How individual-level social attributes impact grammatical and phonetic variation
  • Grammatical variation in Southern American Englishes and Appalachian Englishes


His research focuses on the sociophonetic variation and change in the English varieties of the American South, particularly of the Appalachian region. His research analyzes the impact of local identity on a variety of phonological features. His work has appeared in the Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Journal of the American Speech-Language Association, American Speech, WiRES Cognitive Science, Speech Prosody, and the Southern Journal of Linguistics, as well as collections about the South, such as Language Variation in the New South: Contemporary Perspectives on Change and Variation and Appalachian Englishes in the 21st Century.

Professional Development

  • 2017: Workshop: Guidelines for statistical reporting of multivariate analysis (NWAV 2017 – Madison, WI)
  • 2017: Workshop: Praat – Beyond the Basics (LSA 2017 – Austin, TX)
  • 2018: Workshop: Best Practices in Sociophonetics (NWAV 2018 – New York, NY)
  • Workshop: Language Variation Suite Toolkit (NWAV 2018 – New York, NY)
  • 2019: Workshop: Creating interactive Shiny dashboards to showcase sociolinguistic research: Seeing the forest and the trees (NWAV 2019 – Eugene, OR)
  • Workshop: Bayesian modeling for linguistic researchers (NWAV 2019 – Eugene, OR)
  • 2020: Webinar: White apprentices, allies, and accomplices in linguistics (web)
  • Webinar: Addressing Racism in CSD Education (web)

Office Hours

Tuesday 10:00am-11:00am

Thursday 10:00am-11:00am

Selected Publications


  • Hendricks, AE, M Watson-Wales, and PE Reed (2021). Perceptions of African American English by students in speech-language pathology programs. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology.
  • Blanchette, FK, PE Reed, E Flannery, and C Jackson (2020). Linguistic Diversity in Appalachia: The Case of Negative Auxiliary Inversion. American Speech 95(3), 297–320.
  • Reed, PE (2020). In memoriam: Michael B. Montgomery. Appalachian Journal 47(1-2), 26–31.
  • Reed, PE (2020). Inter- and intra-regional variation in intonation: An analysis of rising pitch accents and rootedness. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 147(1), 616–626.
  • Reed, PE (2020). Place and Language: Links Between Speech, Region, and Connection to Place. WIREs Cognitive Science 11(60).
  • Reed, PE (2020). Prosodic variation and rootedness in Appalachian English. Penn Working Papers in Linguistics 25(2).
  • Reed, PE (2020). The importance of rootedness in the study of Appalachian English: Case study evidence for a proposed rootedness metric. American Speech 95(2), 203–226.
  • Werfel, K, M Schuele, and PE Reed (2019). Linguistic contributions to spelling accuracy in elementary children with SLI. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology 28(2), 599–611.
  • Burdin, RS, N Holliday, and PE Reed (2018). Rising above the standard: Variation in L+H* contour use across 5 varieties of American English. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Speech Prosody 9, 354–358.
  • Hay-McCutcheon, M, PE Reed, and S Cheimariou (2018). Positive social interaction and hearing loss in older adults living in rural and urban communities. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research 61, 2138–2145.
  • Reed, PE (2018). The importance of Appalachian identity: A case study in rootedness. American Speech 93(3-4).

Book Chapters

  • Reed, PE (2020). “Phonological possibilities in Appalachian English”. In: Appalachian Englishes in the 21st Century. Ed. by K Hazen. Morganton, WV: West Virginia Press, pp.20–35.
  • Reed, PE (2018). Appalachia, monophthongization, and intonation: Rethinking tradition. In: Language Variety in the New South: Contemporary Perspectives on Change and Variation. Ed. by J Reaser, E Wilbanks, K Wojcik, and W Wolfram. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, pp.97–112.